Since electricity is suitable for short journeys, the mileage of
electricity is less significant than that of combustion engines.
Nevertheless, the difference in maintenance costs can also be explained by the technical components of the electric vehicle requiring less maintenance.
For example, “their automatic gearboxes have few complex mechanical parts which could break. The clutch, the exhaust system, particulate filters, and timing belt do not exist in the electric engine, whereas they are very expensive to maintain in a diesel or petrol engine”, explains Jean-Guilhem de Lanlay, salesman and specialist on electrical issues at FATEC Group.
On the other hand, the so-called “dynamic” braking system makes it possible to use kinetic energy (the momentum of the car) to recharge the battery, creating a magnetic resistance effect which slows down the vehicle.
The positive external effects of this regenerative braking
are twofold: the vehicle’s range is increased by 10% and the brake pads are
Finally, a calculated estimate
according to fleet data managed by FATEC
shows that the energy used by an electric car
(recharge + battery) costs on average €11.41 per 100 km
travelled against €8.69 for a diesel car (average consumption at 6.25L / 100 and average diesel price at €1.39 / L).
Electric charging has an average cost of €2.90; Added to this is the average cost of the battery €8.41 / 100km (calculated according to Renault rentals).
For leasing, manufacturers offer annual mileage packages: in the case of a purchased Zoé, for 7,500 km covered in the year, the battery is rented at €69/month; for 12,500km, €89/month; etc. Rental allows you to benefit from free assistance and battery replacement if its capacity drops to less than 75%.
At the time of purchase, a new battery costs on average €10,000 (source: auto-moto) and benefits from a warranty for 8 years or 160,000 km (replaced if its capacity falls below 66%).